Japanese Alphabet -
Hiragana and Katakana
Sometimes the Japanese alphabet or goju-on (fifty syllabic sound) is called "a ka sa ta na ha ma ya ra wa nn" that stand for the first syllable of bowels respectively - it is used like this; "Do you know ABC of Japanese?" "Yes, I know that, a ka sa ta na ha ma ya ra wa nn."
Actually the number of hiragana or katakana which are commonly used is 46 (or 48 including ゐ,ゑ) and nn is not counted. In addition to the above there are ga gi gu ge go, pa pi pu pe po, kya kyu kyo, etc., all of which totals around 100 sounds.
In olden days there were several alphabet poems used for learning hiragana；
Ametsuchi no uta (around 900, Heian period);
ame tsuchi hoshi sora
yama kaha mine tani
kumo kiri muro koke
hito inu uhe sue
yuwa saru ofu seyo
enoje wo nare ite
天 地 星
Iroha-uta is more popular for that
(established in the end of 10th century to the middle of 11th.)
i ro ha ni ho he to chi ri nu ru wo
wa ka yo ta re so tsu ne na ra mu
u i no o ku ya ma ke fu ko e te
a sa ki yu me mi shi e hi mo se su
Katakana is used for onomatopoeia or for expressing foreign language
which cannot be translated into Japanese characters.
If you need translation work (E-J) ; Email